Share New research provides evidence that heart rate reactivity is a biological moderator between bullying and internalizing problems in adolescent girls.The findings, which appear in Evolutionary Psychological Science, could help explain why peer victimization leads to internalizing problems in some girls but not others.“The theory of Biological Sensitivity to Context is a fascinating one,” said study author Christopher D. Aults, an assistant professor of Psychology at King’s College. Share on Twitter Pinterest Share on Facebook Email LinkedIn The theory holds that the environment in early life predisposes individuals to have varying degrees of reactivity to stress, which can have both beneficial and societally maladaptive outcomes.“Understanding how individual differences contribute to psychological adjustment is an important area of research. Peer victimization is rarely used as a variable of interest in these models, so we wanted to explore if victimization interacted with heightened stress reactivity to predict increases in internalizing problems in adolescents,” Aults said.In the study of 44 girls and 38 boys (11–14 years of age), the researchers monitored the children’s resting heart rate before introducing a laboratory stressor. The difference between the resting heart rate and heart rate in response to the stressor was used as a measure of physiological reactivity.The researchers found that girls whose heart rates were highly reactive tended to be more likely to have internalizing problems, such as depression and anxiety, when subjected to a higher level of bullying. But girls with high reactivity tended to rank lower on internalizing behaviors when subjected to a low levels of bullying.“In essence, they are most apt to thrive when supported by peers, but also most likely to struggle when victimized by peers,” the researchers wrote.Girls with low cardiovascular reactivity, on the other hand, were less impacted by their social environment, whether that environment was positive or negative.“Studying stress reactivity in adolescents who are victimized by their peers may be a good indicator for predicting internalizing problems, particularly for girls,” Aults told PsyPost.For boys, cardiovascular reactivity did not appear to have a moderating influence. And the study — like all research — includes some limitations.“This study was concurrent and correlational. Looking at stress reactivity, or even the severity of victimization over time in a longitudinal fashion, is needed,” Aults said.The study, “Adolescent Girls’ Biological Sensitivity to Context: Heart Rate Reactivity Moderates the Relationship Between Peer Victimization and Internalizing Problems,” was authored by Christopher D. Aults, Karin Machluf, P. Douglas Sellers II, and Nancy Aaron Jones.
FDA: Dole kept salad facility running for 18 months after Listeria surfacedFederal inspection records obtained by Food Safety News (FSN) show that Dole kept a salad processing plant in Ohio operating for about 18 months after finding Listeria contamination there, until an outbreak was traced to the facility in January of this year.The information was in Food and Drug Administration records (FDA) obtained by FSN under a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request. FSN published a story on the records and posted them today. The listeriosis outbreak involved 33 cases and 4 deaths, including 19 cases and 1 death in the United States and 14 cases with 3 deaths in Canada. All the patients were hospitalized.The FDA report says the company found Listeria in environmental samples from the Springfield, Ohio, plant nine times between July 2014 and December 2015. The company suspended production at the plant on Jan 21, 2016, after a random test by state officials found a bagged salad from the facility contained L monocytogenes, the FSN story noted.DNA fingerprinting linked the Listeria isolate in the salad to the outbreak, the story noted. It said US and Canadian investigators had been trying to find the cause of the outbreak since September 2015.Dole announced the limited resumption of production at the plant on Apr 22, saying US and Canadian officials had completed their investigations there.In a press release today addressing media reports on the FDA’s observation reports, Dole said FDA item covers problems the company has corrected and that it has been working with the agency and other authorities to improve testing, sanitation, and other procedures, which led to the plant reopening.The US Department of Justice (DOJ) is doing its own investigation and has contacted Dole, and the company said it will also be cooperating with the DOJ to answer questions and address any concerns.Apr 29 FSN story FDA inspection report obtained by FSN Mar 31 CIDRAP News item on the outbreak Apr 22 Dole press release Apr 29 Dole press release Flu activity in US resumes its slow retreatInfluenza activity resumed its reluctant springtime decline across the United States last week, after hesitating a week earlier, according to the weekly update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).The estimated share of clinic visits prompted by influenza-like illness (ILI) sank to 2.0%, just below the national baseline of 2.1%. The previous week’s number was right at the baseline.New Jersey was the only state reporting high ILI activity, the same as a week earlier. Moderate activity was reported in Arizona, Arkansas, and Puerto Rico; a week earlier, only Minnesota and Puerto Rico were in that category.Flu cases were still said to be geographically widespread last week in 13 states and Puerto Rico, a tiny improvement from the 14 states and Puerto Rico reporting that status the previous week.The CDC said four more flu-related deaths in children were reported, compared with six a week earlier, raising the season total to 60. One death was attributed to influenza B, two to type A viruses that were not subtyped, and one to a virus that was not typed.In the 122 Cities Mortality Reporting System, 6.7% of deaths were attributed to pneumonia and flu, which was down from 7.7% a week earlier and below the week’s epidemic threshold of 7.0%.Also, labs tested fewer respiratory specimens and found fewer flu viruses in them last week: 12.5% of 14,806 samples tested positive, versus 14.0% of 18,188 the previous week.The cumulative rate of flu-related hospitalizations inched up to 29.8 per 100,000 people last week, compared with 28.4 the previous week. The rate for seniors was 79.6, up from 75.0 a week earlier.Apr 29 CDC FluView update Past FluView reports page Wisconsin probes more Elizabethkingia cases, including one in a newbornWisconsin health officials are investigating two more Elizabethkingia anopheles infections, according to a health department update, and a media outlet reported yesterday that an infection has been detected in a baby in the neonatal intensive care unit at a Milwaukee hospital.The Wisconsin Department of Health Services (WDHS) said as of Apr 27 it had received a total of 65 reports, with 59 of them confirmed, 2 under investigation, and 4 possible cases. Nineteen deaths have been reported, 18 in confirmed cases and 1 among the possible cases. Patients are from 12 Wisconsin counties.Meanwhile, Children’s Hospital of Wisconsin yesterday confirmed the Elizabethkingia infection in the baby, which appears to be the first involving a child, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reported. Most of the other infections are in seniors who have chronic underlying health conditions.The hospital said the baby’s illness isn’t serious and that the bacteria isn’t easily transmitted from person to person.Illinois recently reported a case matching the Wisconsin outbreak strain, and last week reported 10 more cases involving a strain different from Wisconsin’s. Michigan has also reported a case. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said it has received reports of 61 confirmed cases from the three states so far, 20 of them fatal.E anopheles can be found in soil and other environmental sources and has been linked to opportunistic infections. So far the source of the outbreak isn’t known. The organism is usually antibiotic-resistant, but the Wisconsin strain is susceptible to some drugs.Apr 27 WDHS update Apr 28 Journal Sentinel story CDC Elizabethkingia outbreak page Donor-host compatibility boosts fecal transplant effectivenessGenetic compatibility of bacterial strains between fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) donors and recipients may be the key to building diverse, co-existing gut bacteria in people with an array of digestive tract disorders, according to a study today in Science.Researchers led by the European Molecular Biology Laboratory sequenced 55 fecal samples from 10 people with metabolic syndrome, five of whom received allogenic FMTs and a placebo group of five people who received autologous FMTs. None of the recipients had used antibiotics or other medications in the 3 months before transplantation.The group that received allogenic FMTs demonstrated significant co-existence of donor and host gut bacterial strains, with 69.3% of donor-specific strains retained 2 days after transplant and 37.6% retained 90 days later. People who received an autologous transplant (ie, a transplant from themselves) had a 9.5% rate of variation, suggesting some possible benefit from the transfer process, the authors said.Strain compatibility between recipients and donors likely played a significant role in building diverse gut bacteria. Three people who received allogenic FMTs from the same donor had drastically different rates of strain co-existence (46.1%, 56.6%, and 12%) after 90 days. Donor strains were more likely colonize the digestive tract if their species were already present, which could aid in matching donors with recipients and replacing antibiotic-resistant bacteria with susceptible strains, the authors said.Further study is needed to determine the effect of microbial resilience in the digestive tract and individual immune response to FMT and strain compatibility, the authors said, adding that “A ‘one-stool-fits-all’ model currently supported by standardized donor stool banks may not be clinically appropriate.”Apr 29 Science study Tdap vaccine moderately effective in school pertussis outbreakEffectiveness of the tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis (Tdap) vaccine was 68.5% in two Maine schools during a 2011 pertussis outbreak and did not appear to wane over time, according to a Mar 31 retrospective cohort study in Vaccine.Researchers led by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) evaluated Tdap vaccine effectiveness (VE) in 314 students attending one of two schools in Maine’s rural Penobscot County. Students were between 11 and 19 years old during an Aug 15 to Nov 26, 2011, pertussis outbreak.Among 118 students at School A and 196 students at School B, pertussis attack rates were 11.9% (14 students) and 7.7% (15 students), respectively. Slightly more than half (51%) of students in both schools had received Tdap immunization, and 25% were vaccinated during or following the outbreak. Most cases (80%) in both schools occurred in students vaccinated less than 36 months before the outbreak began, the authors said.VE was 70.4% in School A and 65.2% in School B, for an overall VE of 68.5%. VE was comparable in larger samples of students who were unvaccinated or partially vaccinated (63.3% in 344 students) or lacked documentation of immunization status. (64.9% in 343 students), the authors said.The authors said that Tdap vaccination appeared to be “moderately effective” in preventing pertussis and showed little evidence of waning over time, noting that VE was comparable 2 years prior to and 2 years after the pertussis outbreak (68.5% vs. 71.5%).Lack of waning may be attributable to older children having been vaccinated with whole-cell pertussis vaccine in Tdap formulation, rather than with the acellular pertussis vaccine currently used, the authors said.Mar 31 Vaccine study
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The single renewal date of 1 October is not the only cause of last year’s problems with professional indemnity insurance (PII) renewals, the chairman of the Law Society’s PII working group stressed this week. Nigel Day, a partner at Manchester firm Hague Lambert, said: ‘It’s superficially attractive to point to [the date] as a problem. But the majority of the profession didn’t have a problem, and for those that did, whether this was caused by a single renewal date isn’t clear.’ The PII working group convened following last year’s turbulent renewals season, during which a number of major insurers stopped providing PII cover to small firms. Day said the PII group and the Solicitors Regulation Authority, which holds the power to alter the renewals process, are continuing to discuss staggered renewals and other issues. In another development, the Gazette has learned that German insurance giant Allianz is to enter the solicitors PII market and provide up to £10m of cover for the coming season. Allianz will provide PII for firms with four or more partners. However, Mark Carver, head of financial lines at Allianz Global Corporate and Specialty, said: ‘Don’t expect us to be a “white knight”.’ He said firms’ internal risk management and business strategies will come under close scrutiny before cover is given. Carver said Allianz may open its doors to smaller firms in future years depending on market conditions.
The land is part of the former Tilbury power station owned by RWE, which is currently being decommissioned.The acquisition price was not disclosed, but it is expected that at least GBP100 million (USD141 million) will be invested in infrastructure and facilities on the land, said Forth Ports.Forth Ports intends to use this land to extend its current operations with the creation of a new port facility, which will be connected to national rail and road networks.”We are acquiring this additional land to extend the port in response to increasing demand from customers who are seeking additional capacity within the port,” said Forth Ports chief executive Charles Hammond.Port of London Authority chief executive Robin Mortimer added: “The former power station site offers a fantastic deepwater berth and the land is ideal for the port centric logistics in which Tilbury specialises.” www.forthports.co.uk
The STZ-VP (285) features pendular axle technology, 285 mm tyres. It is available in configurations between three and ten axles as well as a choice of decks, including vessel bridge, crawler deck and flatbed. The bigger tyres enables a maximum fifth-wheel load of 52 tons (50 tonnes) and the deck profile of just 200 mm for the flatbed is the slimmest on the market, claims Goldhofer.According to Goldhofer, the pendular axle technology provides optimum distribution of the load to all the tyres as well as levelling on uneven terrain, while the steering angle of up to 65 degrees provides high levels of manoeuvrability.Axle suspension is available with a choice of tapered roller or compact bearings to meet customers’ individual requirements in terms of mileage and maintenance intervals. www.goldhofer.de
Conservative MP calls for ‘transparency’ at law firms over gender pay equality.,Law firms are getting away with not being fully transparent about the difference in earnings between men and women, a Conservative MP has alleged, adding to calls to revise the regulations. Under the Equality Act 2010 (Gender Pay Gap Information) Regulations, firms with 250 or more employees are required to publish the average gap in earnings between men and women. But Conservative MP Maria Miller, chair of the House of Commons Women and Equalities Committee, told the Gazette many law firms will fall below this threshold because of the ‘employment status of some people who work in their firms’.‘This needs to be reviewed to ensure there is as much transparency as possible,’ Miller said. The first reporting period saw some law firms spark anger by omitting equity partners on the grounds that they are ‘not employees’. Many firms subsequently revised their data. The next reporting period will require firms to submit data for the period ending April 2018. The Law Society is expected to publish guidance soon.
FEASIBILITY STUDIES have been completed for a 220 km rail link in the northern Caucasus, designed to improve access to the Caspian Sea oilfields. The line is being promoted by Russian Railways, with the regional government in Stavropol and various Russian and foreign oil companies.A committee was formed in 1998 (RG 4.98 p207) to determine the best alignment for the route. The favoured option is to run from Budyonnovsk on the Stavropol – Georgiyevsk line via Neftekumsk to Kochubei on the coastal route from Astrakhan to Makhachkala. Together with the recently-completed cut-off between Kizlyar and Kizilyurt, this will create a new route to the republic of Dagestan, bypassing the Trans-Caucasian line through Chechnya. On February 15 Lt-Gen Alexander Shabanov of the Russian army’s railway division reported that his troops had restored over 75% of the Chechen network to traffic, de-mining and repairing 300 route-km. He hoped to have trains running into Grozny last month. n
GERMANY: Our editorial office recently received an e-mail highlighting a special menu available in Deutsche Bahn dining cars. All dishes featured fresh mutton, and at the bottom of the page customers were invited to take advantage of a special offer for a limited number of woolly jumpers. For those who haven’t guessed, the menu was a rather tasteless spoof relating to a bizarre accident on April 26 when a Hamburg – München ICE1 derailed at around 200 km/h in the 10·8 km Landrücken tunnel near Fulda after encountering a flock of sheep near the entrance. Both power cars and 10 of the 12 trailers left the rails, but the tunnel walls helped to keep the coaches upright. Only 19 of the 135 passengers were injured, four of them seriously, and DB’s emergency services and procedures emerged with flying colours. Inevitably, the accident relaunched a debate within Germany about whether railway lines should be fenced. Many of the world’s railways are unfenced, and there is no reason for the policy to change – people are more likely to be injured or killed when crossing roads. High speed lines, however, are generally protected – the Shinkansen in Japan are fully enclosed, and the LGV network in France is fenced throughout. To our knowledge, Germany remains unique in having unfenced sections of high speed line, one reason being that legal responsibility for preventing the escape of livestock rests with the farmer. After the ICE derailment DB Chairman Hartmut Mehdorn promised, perhaps rashly, to ensure that such an accident would never happen again. Whether this means erecting fencing after all or installing intrusion detection equipment is not clear. The Federal Railway Office takes the view that fencing could even have a negative effect, preventing passengers moving away from a derailed train before rescue services had cut through the fence. Similarly, animals that had somehow gained access to the alignment would be trapped on the tracks.
SOUTH FLORIDA – Question: My husband has been in the U.S. for many years since he came as a student and did not ever leave. We have been together for 4 years and I am a resident for 6 years. I am eligible to file for my citizenship but we are afraid that when I put my husband on the immigration papers that could be bad for him. We don’t want to do anything that could get him in trouble with immigration. Can I just leave him off the marriage part of the application?Answer: You can safely file for your naturalization without any worry about your husband’s legal immigration status and you must list him on the application. Failing to provide or concealing information on your Naturalization application can affect your eligibility. In Part 10, page 7, list all your husband’s information, then on page 8 #7 c. if you don’t know his technical status just mark “other” and list student visa or leave that part blank. At your interview, you can explain your husband’s circumstances to the officer if asked. Once you are naturalized, you can file for his residency immediately! Let me know if you have any questions.Question: Me and my girlfriend just got married and we want to file to get my legal status. She has a good job now as a nurse and makes good money, but she had some tax issues a few years back and owes about $12,000 in back taxes. She has to make monthly payments from her bank account directly to the IRS every month to pay it back. We are worried that she can’t sponsor me because she owes money to the IRS. Can you please help us with the case and tell us what we need to do so she can qualify?Answer: In Residency cases, Immigration regulations only require that a Sponsor or Joint Sponsor provide copies of IRS Tax Returns proving that all required tax returns have been filed. There is no requirement that all taxes owed have been paid. In Naturalization cases, however, residents are required to show that not only have all required tax returns been filed, but also that either all outstanding taxes have been paid or an agreement for repayment has been reached with the IRS and all payments due under the agreement have been paid as agreed, even if a balance is still due. So in your case, your wife can still sponsor you, even though she owes money to the IRS. An immigration attorney will need to review her current paystubs and income to determine whether she meets the income guidelines, and if not, you can always use a Joint Sponsor whose income does meet the qualifications.Question: My dad got married to his American girlfriend many years ago after my parents broke up, and I immigrated to the U.S. and got my green card along with him when I was 14 years. Now that I am 21, I want to sponsor my mom. But my dad says maybe that would be a problem because my stepmom was the one that sponsored me. I am all confused now. Is it true that since my stepmom sponsored me, I can’t sponsor my biological mom? Can you please help me?Answer: Good news, under Immigration regulations, U.S. citizens can sponsor both their biological and step-parents and biological and step-parents can sponsor both their biological children and stepchildren. This means that once a U.S. Citizen’s child turns age 21, even though they were sponsored by a step-parent for Residency, the child is still able to sponsor their biological parent. Similarly, a U.S. Citizen child can also sponsor both their step-parent and biological parent to immigrate, as long as the requisite relationship qualifies. Step-parents are considered to qualify as “parents” and step-children qualify as “children” for immigration purposes, as long as the step-parent/step-child relationship was established before the child (now U.S. citizen) reached the age of 18. The only time a U.S. citizen would not qualify to sponsor a parent is where the parental rights had been terminated through adoption or otherwise.