Photo: Brisbane Airport The International Air Transport Association (IATA) is seeking support for sustainable aviation fuel as part of the European Union’s “Green Deal” push to reduce carbon emissions and build a new energy economy.The airline industry sees biofuels as a longer-term answer to reducing carbon emissions but has had limited success in persuading governments to provide meaningful support for the technology.The fuels have been tested in more than 215,000 commercial flights and have the potential to cut carbon emissions by 80 percent on a life-cycle basis.But making sustainable aviation fuels (SAFs) available on an economically viable basis has proved tricky and they currently supply just 0.1 percent of aviation’s energy needs a decade after the first test flight.READ: A350 boosts SAS sustainability in flight-shaming battle.More recently, there has been a flurry of research into electric and hybrid electric planes but these are likely to be some way off and are aimed at short-haul operations.Long-haul aircraft will still need liquid fuel for the foreseeable future and SAF’s are a major component of its plan to cut emissions to half 2005 levels by 2050.There is some hope on the horizon: The International Air Transport Association says there are currently 14 SAF production facilities operating, under construction or in the final stages of financing and planning.These will take the industry some way to a goal of having 2 percent of aviation fuel from non-fossil sources by 2025, a point it sees as a tipping point in terms of viability.But IATA says more progress is needed.IATA director general Alexandre de Juniac told the Sustainable Innovation Forum in Madrid on Tuesday that the industry had high hopes for the Green Deal.The Green Deal wants to overhaul the European economy by, among other things, supporting research and innovation in low-carbon and clean technologies and encouraging more green investment.“We want to be part of Europe’s building of a new energy economy and we will do everything we can to make sustainable aviation fuels a priority for aviation in Europe and around the world,’’ he said in a call for carefully considered policy measures.”Aviation is committed to carbon-neutral growth from 2020 and has an industry-leading global carbon offset plan for international airlines called CORSIA to help it achieve that.The IATA boss said this would cover most of the anticipated growth in aviation emissions but there was a need for more states, including several big travel markets, to join from day one.He also cautioned against states introducing taxes that could undermine the scheme.“Taxes are a politician’s way out. They are easy to put in place and make it look like action is being taken.“But in aviation, they rarely have the desired environmental benefit, and simply cut off travel options from lower-income consumers.“It takes more time and more effort to put in place a package of measures that can actually reduce emissions in the long-term. But that approach is a hundred times more beneficial than a blunt tax.”CORSIA, however, is seen as an interim measure while other technologies are developed.De Juniac said the role of governments in energy transition had been mapped in the successful development of solar and wind solutions for power generation.He called for aviation to be the priority when it came to sustainable liquid fuels.“Electrification of road vehicles is tried, tested, scalable and on the market today,’’ he said.“Aviation should be a policy priority because it does not have a near-term electrification option.”Traditional energy suppliers also need to prioritize investment in SAF, the IATA boss said.“The major oil companies have the expertise, the distribution networks and – importantly – the financial power to make a real difference,’’ he said.“I call on them to make this an absolute priority, helping to underpin global connectivity for future generations by making sustainable aviation fuels a commercial reality.”
Melissandre and Jon Snow in Season 5 of ‘Game of Thrones’screenshot/youtubeGame of Thrones season eight is going to air in April and with the final season, fans will get to see the tragic end of Jon Snow and Daenerys Targaryen’s love story. Over the years, viewers enjoyed watching intimate sex scenes between several characters and are hoping to see more of it in season 8.Over the years, nudity has become an integral part of the Game of Thrones. At the same time, many can even argue on the notion that for a TV series, scenes involving nudity and sex may have been included to attract viewership. But fans have learned this that in this epic drama, nudity is depicted as the harsh reality of life and has only progressed the story further.There were more sex scenes in the earlier seasons than the last season seven. Now, as the story is coming to an end, the characters are more busy fighting the war rather than getting intimate with each other. There was a time when fans just referred Game of Thrones as nothing but a sex show but now, we have witnessed that the show has more fights, more drama, and more dragons.In the final Game of Thrones season, our heroes — Jon, Sansa, Arya, Daenerys, and others — have one goal only: to kill the Night King. At the same time, there are several theories on Cersei Lannister which you can check here. Cersei in ‘Mother’s Mercy’HBOSince the final season will be more focused on the fights between the Army of Living with the Army of Dead; and Starks/Targaryens fighting Lannisters, chances are pretty slim that we get to see some nudity in the upcoming season of Game of Thrones.That being said, there are rumours that we get to see the marriage between Jon Snow and Daenerys Targaryen and if that happens then our favourite characters may be seeing spending one night enjoying themselves.Besides all these speculations, the final season has a lot of angles to cover and the showrunners would have focused on wrapping all the stories rather than showing intimate sequences between the characters.Game of Thrones season 8 will premier in April on HBO and other streaming services.
-Four people, including three minor siblings, were killed and another person was injured as a wall collapsed on them in Pagla area of Fatullah upazila on Monday morning, reports UNB.The deceased were identified as Lamia, 12, Lima, 3, and Laboni, 8, daughters of Saiful Islam, and Alamgir Hossain, 30, of Damudda in Shariatpur district. Hailing from Patuakhali district, the three siblings used to live in a rented house in the area along with their parents.Witnesses said some workers were demolishing a 12-feet long shabby wall to build a multi-storey building at Shantinibas in Pagla while five people, including the three children, were playing on the other side of the wall.The wall suddenly fell on the five people, killing Laboni and Lamia on the spot.Lima died on the way to Dhaka Medical College Hospital in the capital and Alamgir succumbed to his injuries at the hospital.Kamal Uddin, officer-in-charge of Fatullah police station, said the workers fled the spot after the incident.The bodies were sent to Narayanganj General Hospital for autopsy.
Naval ships in exercise. Photo: CollectedIran’s navy has mounted a locally built advanced defensive weapons system on one of its warships for the first time, the Iranian navy chief was quoted as saying on Saturday, as tensions mount with the US military in the Gulf.Iran’s Revolutionary Guards confirmed earlier this month it held war games in the Gulf, saying they were aimed at “confronting possible threats” by enemies.The US military’s central command confirmed it had seen increased Iranian naval activity, extending to the Strait of Hormuz, a strategic waterway for oil shipments the Revolutionary Guards have threatened to block.Iran has been furious over US president Donald Trump’s decision to pull out of an international agreement on Iran’s nuclear program and re-impose sanctions on Tehran.Iranian Navy Commander rear admiral Hossein Khanzadi “reiterated that coastal and sea testing of the short range defence Kamand system were concluded successfully, and said this system was mounted … on a warship and will be mounted on a second ship soon,” the semi-official Tasnim news agency reported,The Kamand has been dubbed the “Iranian Phalanx” after an automated machinegun produced by US firm Raytheon whose heavy bullets shred incoming missiles.Unable to import many weapons because of international sanctions and arms embargoes, Iran has developed a large domestic weapons industry to achieve self-sufficiency in producing military equipment, and often reports on its development of arms which it says are comparable with advanced Western systems.